Achromobacter marplatensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Alcaligenaceae, Genus Achromobacter,
Achromobacter marplatensis Gomila et al. 2011.

According to Vandamme et al. (2016),
Achromobacter spiritinus strains should be
reclassified as
Achromobacter marplatensis owing to erroneous sequence data.
Gram-negative, small rods, 0.5–1 μm long, occuring single, in pairs or in short
chains. Motile.
Can grow at 14 and 40 ºC. No growth in 6.5% NaCl. Can grow on MacConkey agar,
cetrimide agar, acetamide, but not on King’s media A and B.
Isolated from soil in Mar del Plata, Argentina.
Resistant to kanamycin. Sensitive to amoxicillin, ampicillin and carbenicillin (30 μg/ml).
Undetermined.
  1. Gomila (M.), Tvrzova (L.), Teshim (A.), Sedlacek (I.), Gonzalez-Escalona (N.), Zdrahal (Z.), Sedo (O.), Gonzalez (J.F.), Bennasar (A.),
    Moore (E.R.B.), Lalucat (J.) and Murialdo (S.E.): Achromobacter marplatensis sp. nov., isolated from a pentachlorophenol-
    contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2231-2237.
  2. Vandamme, P. A., Peeters, C., Inganas, E., Cnockaert, M., Houf, K., Spilker, T., Moore, E. R. B. and Lipuma, J. J. 2016. Taxonomic
    dissection of Achromobacter denitrificans Coenye et al. 2003 and proposal of Achromobacter agilis sp. nov., nom. rev.,
    Achromobacter pestifer sp. nov., nom. rev., Achromobacter kerstersii sp. nov. and Achromobacter deleyi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol.
    Microbiol., 66, 3708-3717.
  3. Euzeby, J.P. (1997). List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a Folder Available on the Internet. International
    Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47, 590-592; doi: 10.1099/00207713-47-2-590.
Positive results for alkaline and acid phosphatase, catalase, leucine arylamidase, nitrate and nitrite reduction, oxidase,
phosphoamidase & tyrosine hydrolysis.
Assimilates malate, citrate, gluconate (weak), phenylacetate.

Negative results for amylase, arginine dihydrolase, casein hydrolysis, C4 esterase, C8 esterase lipase, C14 lipase, cystine
arylamidase, DNase, elastin hydrolysis, esculin hydrolysis, alpha-fucosidase, gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-
glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, H
2S production,  indole production, lecithin hydrolysis,
lysine and ornithine decarboxylase, alpha-mannosidase, starch hydrolysis, tryptophan deaminase, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin,
Tween 80 hydrolysis, urease, valine arylamidase & Voges–Proskauer reaction.
No assimilation / utilization of inositol, sorbitol, sucrose, amygdalin, p-nitrophenyl beta-D-galactopyranoside, mannitol, maltose,
arginine, alpha-D-glucose, beta-D-fructose, D-galactose, trehalose, D-mannose, L-sorbose, melibiose, raffinose, maltotriose,
lactose, lactulose, 1-O-methyl beta-galactopyranoside, 1-O-methyl alpha-galactopyranoside, cellobiose, gentiobiose, 1-O-methyl beta-
D-glucopyranoside, D-ribose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, palatinose, L-rhamnose, L-fucose, melezitose, D-arabitol, xylitol, dulcitol, D-
tagatose, glycerol, myo-inositol, D-mannitol, maltitol, turanose, D-sorbitol, adonitol, hydroxyquinoline beta-glucuronide, D-lyxose, i-
erythritol, 1-O-methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside, 3-O-methyl D-glucopyranose, D-saccharate, mucate, L-, D- and meso-tartrate, cis-
and trans-aconitate, tricarballylate, D-glucuronate, D-galacturonate, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, L-tryptophan, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine,
protocatechuate, p-hydroxybenzoate, quinate, gentisate, m-hydroxybenzoate, benzoate, 3-phenylpropionate, m-coumarate,
trigonelline, betaine, putrescine, DL-alpha-amino-n-butyrate, histamine, DL-lactate, caprylate, L-histidine, succinate, fumarate,
glutarate, DL-glycerate, DL-alpha-amino-n-valerate, ethanolamine, tryptamine, D-glucosamine, itaconate, DL-beta-hydroxybutyrate, L-
aspartate, L-proline, D- and L-alanine, L-serine, malonate, propionate, L-tyrosine & alpha-ketoglutarate.

Contradictory results for utilization of caprate, adipate & lactate.
(c) Costin Stoica
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