Beta-
glucuronidase
Hippurate
hydrolysis
H2S production
Acid from
inulin
Acid from
lactose
Acid from
mannitol
Acid from
ribose
Acid from
sorbitol
G. sanguinis
-
+
-
-
v
+
+
v
G. sulfidifaciens
+
v
+
+
-
-
-
-
Globicatella sulfidifaciens
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Aerococcaceae, Genus Globicatella, Globicatella sulfidifaciens
Vandamme et al. 2001.
Gram-positive, large ovoid cells, occurring in short chains. Non-motile. Non-spore-
forming.
Colonies on 5% blood agar are small, viridans streptococcus-like, alpha-haemolytic
and non-pigmented.
Facultatively anaerobic. No growth at 10 or 45 ºC. Most strains
grow in 6.5% NaCl. No growth on
Bile-esculin agar.
Isolated from animal (ruminants, pig, calves) clinical specimens. Vancomycin-sensitive. Resistant to neomycin, erythromycin,
clindamycin, and lincomycin.
Isolated from purulent joint and lung infections in calves, from a lung lesion of a sheep, and from a joint infection of a pig.
  1. Matthew D. Collins, 2009. Genus VI. Globicatella Collins, Aguirre, Facklam, Shallcross and Williams 1995, 418VP In: (Eds.) P.D.
    Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes, Springer, 544-546.
  2. Vandamme P., Hommez J., Snauwaert C., Hoste B., Cleenwerck I., Lefebvre K., Vancanneyt M., Swings J., Devriese L.,
    Haesebrouck F. Globicatella sulfidifaciens sp. nov., isolated from purulent infections in domestic animals. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
    51(5):1745-1749
Positive results for alanine phenylalanine proline arylamidase, alpha-galactosidase,
beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, esculin hydrolysis,
H2S production,
pyroglutamic acid arylamidase, starch hydrolysis, acid production from cellobiose,
esculin, glucose (without gas production), glycogen, fructose, inulin, maltose,
melibiose, raffinose, sucrose, starch, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for arginine dihydolase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, glycyl tryptophan arylamidase, N-acetyl-beta-
glucosaminidase, urease, Voges–Proskauer reaction, acid production from: adonitol, D- and L-arabitol, amygdalin, D-arabinose,
dulcitol, erythritol, cyclodextrin, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, gluconate, methyl alpha-D-glucoside, N-acetyl D-glucosamine, glycerol,
D- and L-fucose, inositol, lactose, D-lyxose, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, methyl alpha-D-mannoside, mannitol, melezitose, maltotriose,
methyl beta-glucoside, ribose, sorbitol, sorbose, turanose, D-tagatose & L-xylose.

Variable results for beta-galactosidase, hippurate hydrolysis, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, acid production from L-arabinose.
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Differential characters of Globicatella species: