Beta-
glucuronidase
Hippurate
hydrolysis
H2S production
Acid from
inulin
Acid from
lactose
Acid from
mannitol
Acid from
ribose
Acid from
sorbitol
G. sanguinis
-
+
-
-
v
+
+
v
G. sulfidifaciens
+
v
+
+
-
-
-
-
Globicatella sanguinis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Aerococcaceae, Genus Globicatella, Globicatella sanguinis corrig.
Collins et al. 1995 - type species of the genus.

Old synonym:
Globicatella sanguis Collins et al. 1995.
Gram-positive, large ovoid cells, occurring in short chains. Non-motile. Non-spore-
forming.
Colonies on 5% blood agar are small, viridans streptococcus-like, alpha-haemolytic
and non-pigmented.  Facultatively anaerobic. No growth at 10 ºC. Does not tolerate
tellurite (0.04%) or tetrazolium (0.25%). Most strains grow in 6.5% NaCl. Grows on
bile-esculin agar.
Isolated from human and animal (sheep) clinical specimens. Vancomycin-sensitive.
Isolated from blood cultures of patients with sepsis, meningitis, and bacteremia, urine of patients with urinary tract infections,
cerebrospinal fluid, and wounds. Isolated from blood and brain samples from lambs with meningoencephalitis.
  1. Hans G. Truper, Lanfranco De'clari. Taxonomic Note: Necessary Correction of Specific Epithets Formed as Substantives (Nouns)
    “in Apposition”. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, July 1997 47: 908-909.
  2. Matthew D. Collins, 2009. Genus VI. Globicatella Collins, Aguirre, Facklam, Shallcross and Williams 1995, 418VP In: (Eds.) P.D.
    Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
    Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes, Springer, 544-546.
  3. Vandamme P., Hommez J., Snauwaert C., Hoste B., Cleenwerck I., Lefebvre K., Vancanneyt M., Swings J., Devriese L.,
    Haesebrouck F. Globicatella sulfidifaciens sp. nov., isolated from purulent infections in domestic animals. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
    51(5):1745-1749.
Positive results for alanine phenylalanine proline arylamidase, alpha-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase, esculin hydrolysis, hippurate
hydrolysis, pyroglutamic acid arylamidase, starch hydrolysis, acid production from glucose (without gas production), glycogen,
mannitol, melibiose, raffinose,  ribose, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for arginine dihydolase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, H
2S production, beta-glucuronidase (most strains), glycyl
tryptophan arylamidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, urease, Voges–Proskauer reaction, acid production from: D-arabitol,
cyclodextrin, inulin, melezitose & D-tagatose.

Variable results for beta-galactosidase, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, acid production from lactose, methyl beta-D-glucopyranoside,
pullulan & sorbitol.
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Differential characters of Globicatella species: