Facklamia hominis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Aerococcaceae, Genus Facklamia, Facklamia hominis Collins et al.
1997 - type species of the genus.
Gram-positive, ovoid cells occurring singly, in pairs or in short chains. Non-motile.  
Non-spore-forming.
Non-pigmented, weakly alpha-hemolytic colonies are produced on blood agar. Can
grow in the in 6.5% NaCl broth. Facultatively anaerobic. No growth at 10 or 45 ºC.
Negative bile-esculin reaction.
Human isolates. Susceptible to vancomycin.
The type strain was isolated from an abscess on buttocks.
  1. Matthew D. Collins,  Enevold Falsen,  Jacqueline Lemozy,  Eva Akervall,  Berit Sjoden, Paul A. Lawson. Notes: Phenotypic and
    Phylogenetic Characterization of Some Globicatella-Like Organisms from Human Sources: Description of Facklamia hominis
    gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, July 1997 47: 880-882.
  2. Matthew D. Collins and Enevold Falsen, 2009. Genus V. Facklamia Collins, Falsen, Lemosy, Akervall, Sjoden and Lawson 1997,
    882VP In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual
    of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes, Springer, 541-544.
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, hippurate hydrolysis, leucine arylamidase,
alpha- and beta-galactosidase.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, beta-glucuronidase, beta-glucosidase,
indole production, beta-mannosidase, nitrate reduction, pyrazinamidase, phosphoamidase, valine arylamidase, chymotrypsin,
trypsin, Voges-Proskauer reaction,  acid production from: amygdalin, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, cellobiose, glucose (positive in Bergey's
Manual), inulin, glycogen, lactose, maltose, D-mannose, melibiose, melezitose, mannitol, pullulan, D-raffinose, D-ribose, sorbitol,
sucrose,  D-tagatose, trehalose, D- and L-xylose.

Variable results for  urease (type strain is negative), alanylphenylalanylproline arylamidase, alpha-galactosidase, glycyltryptophan
arylamidase (type strain is negative), pyrrolidonyl arylamidase & pyroglutamine arylamidase (type strain is negative).
(c) Costin Stoica
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