Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Aerococcaceae, Genus Facklamia, Facklamia hominis Collins et al.
1997 - type species of the genus.
Gram-positive, ovoid cells occurring singly, in pairs or in short chains. Non-motile.
Non-pigmented, weakly alpha-hemolytic colonies are produced on blood agar. Can
grow in the in 6.5% NaCl broth. Facultatively anaerobic. No growth at 10 or 45 ºC.
Negative bile-esculin reaction.
Human isolates. Susceptible to vancomycin.
The type strain was isolated from an abscess on buttocks.
- Matthew D. Collins, Enevold Falsen, Jacqueline Lemozy, Eva Akervall, Berit Sjoden, Paul A. Lawson. Notes: Phenotypic and
Phylogenetic Characterization of Some Globicatella-Like Organisms from Human Sources: Description of Facklamia hominis
gen. nov., sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, July 1997 47: 880-882.
- Matthew D. Collins and Enevold Falsen, 2009. Genus V. Facklamia Collins, Falsen, Lemosy, Akervall, Sjoden and Lawson 1997,
882VP In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual
of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes, Springer, 541-544.
Positive results for arginine dihydrolase, hippurate hydrolysis, leucine arylamidase,
alpha- and beta-galactosidase.
Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, beta-glucuronidase, beta-glucosidase,
indole production, beta-mannosidase, nitrate reduction, pyrazinamidase, phosphoamidase, valine arylamidase, chymotrypsin,
trypsin, Voges-Proskauer reaction, acid production from: amygdalin, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, cellobiose, glucose (positive in Bergey's
Manual), inulin, glycogen, lactose, maltose, D-mannose, melibiose, melezitose, mannitol, pullulan, D-raffinose, D-ribose, sorbitol,
sucrose, D-tagatose, trehalose, D- and L-xylose.
Variable results for urease (type strain is negative), alanylphenylalanylproline arylamidase, alpha-galactosidase, glycyltryptophan
arylamidase (type strain is negative), pyrrolidonyl arylamidase & pyroglutamine arylamidase (type strain is negative).
(c) Costin Stoica