Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Actinomycinae, Family
Actinomycetaceae, Genus Arcanobacterium, Arcanobacterium pluranimalium Lawson, Falsen, Foster, Eriksson, Weiss and Collins
Gram-positive straight or slightly curved, non-branching, slender rods.
Growth, after incubation in 5% CO2 atmosphere, on 5% horse blood Columbia (Difco)
agar. Alpha-haemolytic. Facultative anaerobic. Grows at 37 ºC.
Isolated from dead sallow deer and harbour porpoise. Habitat is not known.
Isolated from a lung abscess of a dead sallow deer and from the spleen of a dead harbour porpoise.
- Lawson P.A., Falsen E., Foster G., Eriksson E., Weiss N. and Collins M. D., 2002. Arcanobacterium pluranimalium sp. nov.,
isolated from porpoise and deer. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 51, 55-59.
Description is based on API rapid ID32 Strep and API CORYNE (bioMerieux) results.
Positive results for alanine phenylalanine proline arylamidase, catalase, esculin hydrolysis (weak reaction), beta-glucuronidase, gelatin
hydrolysis, hippurate hydrolysis, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, acid production from: D-glucose & D-ribose.
Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, alkaline phosphatase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase,
beta-mannosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, nitrate reduction, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from: L-arabinose,
D-arabitol, cyclodextrin, glycogen, lactose, mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, pullulan, D-raffinose, sorbitol, sucrose, tagatose, trehalose
Variable results for pyrazinamidase & acid production from maltose.
(c) Costin Stoica