Actinomyces funkei
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Actinomycinae, Family
Actinomycetaceae, Genus Actinomyces,
Actinomyces funkei Lawson, Nikolaitchouk, Falsen, Westling  and Collins 2002.
Gram-positive slender, straight to slightly curved rods, some of which exhibit
branching. Non-motile. Non-spore-forming.
Colonies are small (< 1 mm in diameter after 24 h), grey and non-haemolytic on
Columbia agar (Difco) supplemented with 5% horse blood in air plus 5% CO
2, at 37
ºC. Facultative anaerobic.
Isolated from human clinical specimens. Habitat is not known.
Undetermined.
  1. Lawson P.A., Nikolaitchouk N., Falsen E., Westling K., and Collins M.D., 2001. Actinomyces funkei sp. nov., isolated from human
    clinical specimens.  Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. Vol. 51, 853-855.
Non-acid-fast.
Description is based mostly on API CORYNE (3530761/0130761), API ZYM, and API
rapid ID32Strep results.

Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase, cystine arylamidase (weak reaction), alpha-glucosidase, hippurate hydrolysis,
leucine arylamidase, acid production from: D-glucose, sucrose (saccharose) & D-xylose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, chymotrypsin, esculin hydrolysis, esterase C4, ester lipase C8, alpha-fucosidase,
alpha-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, gelatin hydrolysis, lipase C14, alpha-mannosidase, pyrrolidonyl
arylamidase, trypsin, urease, valine arylamidase, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from: L-arabinose, D-arabitol, cyclodextrin,
glycogen, methyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, mannitol, melezitose, melibiose, pullulan, raffinose, sorbitol, tagatose & trehalose.

Variable results for beta-galactosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, nitrate reduction, pyrazinamidase, acid production from:
lactose, maltose & ribose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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